The Pantheon (/ˈpænθiən/ or US /ˈpænθiɒn/[one] Latin: Pantheon,[nb one] [pantʰewn] from Greek: Πάνθεον [ἱερόν], an adjective comprehended as “[temple consecrated] to all gods”) is a setting up in Rome, Italy, commissioned by Marcus Agrippa all through the reign of Augustus as a temple to all the gods of historic Rome, and rebuilt by the emperor Hadrian about 126 Advertisement.
The setting up is round with a portico of large granite Corinthian columns (8 in the first rank and two teams of 4 powering) underneath a pediment. A rectangular vestibule one-way links the porch to the rotunda, which is underneath a coffered concrete dome, with a central opening (oculus) to the sky. Practically two thousand yrs right after it was developed, the Pantheon’s dome is nevertheless the world’s largest unreinforced concrete dome.[three] The peak to the oculus and the diameter of the inside circle are the similar, 43.three metres (142 ft).[four]
It is one of the most effective-preserved of all Roman buildings. It has been in constant use all through its history, and considering the fact that the 7th century, the Pantheon has been employed as a Roman Catholic church devoted to “St. Mary and the Martyrs” but informally recognised as “Santa Maria della Rotonda.”[five] The square in front of the Pantheon is referred to as Piazza della Rotonda.