Jesuit Estancias of Córdoba, Estancia de Jesús María & Jesuítica Santa Catalina, Argentina
Jesús María is a put that has really outdated roots and a remarkable cultural richness. At the commencing it was an indigenous city known as Guanusacate, “useless or bathed drinking water”, which more than the yrs was produced with the settlement of the buy of the Jesuits. In 1618, the Jesuits obtained for eight thousand pesos, the 20 thousand vines strains, the mill, 250 cows, 25 oxen and 30 pigs from the Chaco de Guanusacate, the name by which the Sanavirones indigenous people designated individuals lands. In the colonial time it was produced not only as Estancia de la Compañía de Jesús, but also as an obligatory route of the street known as Camino Authentic, a strategic corridor that communicated the Atlantic ports with the mining spots of the Alto Perú at the time of the colony. Since 2000, she was declared Patrimoine of Humanity by UNESCO
The Estancia de Jesús María-Museo Jesuítico provides a journey through the background of the outdated Jesuit ranch through testimonies that recreate the effective areas of the time, for instance, the sites where by the grapes had been milled to make the wine eaten by the religious and the cellar where by it was later saved. Inside the home, in which the Jesuits lived, are treasured religious objects-crucifixes, reliquaries, religious pictures from the colonial period-and a assortment of archeology that is also joined to the Jesuits.
In the outdated lands of Calabalumba la Vieja, in just the existing territory of the Province of Córdoba, the Enterprise of Jesus purchased the estancia regarded as Santa Catalina for 4 thousand and 5 hundred Pesos. Santa Catalina became the fantastic heart of cattle raising with hundreds of cow, sheep and mule heads. Besides, goods had been woven in the loom, and tack was developed, as properly as blacksmith and carpentry functions. There also had been two mills. In excess of after century immediately after getting this estancia in 1754, the Jesuit missionaries completed the church functions.
Its imposing façade, lined by two towers and a curved portal, boasts slender lines and ornaments, with curved pediments and pilasters. Inside, the harmony of proportions is fascinating. Only one particular nave in the shape of a Latin cross ends in the round dome with windows on the vault. The fantastic altarpiece of the most important altar has been carved in wooden and gold. A piece of canvas representing the patron saint of the estancia, a dressed picture of the Lord of Humbleness and Persistence as properly as the polychrome carved picture of crucified Christ stand out.
Immediately after the expulsion of the Jesuits, when Carlos III expelled the Jesuits from the Spanish dominions in 1767, the point out was obtained by Don Francisco Antonio Diaz in an initiative promoted by the Board of Temporalities auction. Francisco Antonio Diaz, mayor of initially vote of the metropolis of Cordoba in 1774, to purchase the commitment to sustain the church and worship. The Spanish Diaz, Colonel of the Royal Army, paid out ninety,717 pesos and 4 reales ½, and created his buy proposal in these conditions: “I Allano to purchase all the land, slaves, structures and cattle less than the next ailments: that the church you have to be at my disposal, recognizing it as an employer. I am going to take treatment of the fees. holding all decency.
Its second operator, Colonel Jose Javier Diaz, was the initially indigenous governor elected by the people of Cordoba in 1815 and 1820. In his job as 2nd head of the regiment of 3 thousand gentlemen of Córdoba, participated in the reconquest of Buenos Aires, it was two time governor of Cordoba, promoter of Congress of Tucuman of 1816 and help of the liberating marketing campaign of Standard San Martin with a hundred Saddled mules and heat apparel developed in the Santa Catalina looms.
Its recent entrepreneurs (40) are organized as a family believe in and managed with their very own economical sources