Alexandria is the 2nd premier metropolis in Egypt, with a inhabitants of 4.one million, extending about 32 km (twenty mi) alongside the coastline of the Mediterranean Sea in the north central element of the state. It is also the premier metropolis lying specifically on the Mediterranean coastline. Alexandria is Egypt’s premier seaport, serving approximately eighty% of Egypt’s imports and exports. It is an significant industrial centre because of its normal gas and oil pipelines from Suez. Alexandria is also an significant tourist vacation resort.
Alexandria was started all around a smaller pharaonic town c. 331 BC by Alexander the Excellent. It remained Egypt’s cash for nearly a thousand years, right until the Muslim conquest of Egypt in Ad 641, when a new cash was started at Fustat (afterwards absorbed into Cairo). Historic Alexandria was most effective recognized for the Lighthouse of Alexandria (Pharos), 1 of the Seven Wonders of the Historic Entire world its library (the premier in the ancient planet now replaced by a modern day 1) and the Catacombs of Kom el Shoqafa, 1 of the Seven Wonders of the Center Ages. Ongoing maritime archaeology in the harbor of Alexandria, which began in 1994, is revealing information of Alexandria both of those in advance of the arrival of Alexander, when a metropolis named Rhacotis existed there, and in the course of the Ptolemaic dynasty.
From the late 19th century, Alexandria grew to become a main centre of the international transport business and 1 of the most significant trading centers in the planet, both of those because it profited from the quick overland relationship between the Mediterranean Sea and the Crimson Sea, and the beneficial trade in Egyptian cotton.